1. What is the author’s main purpose in the passage?
A. To describe the San Andreas Fault
B. To give a definition of a fault
C. To explain the reason for tremors and earthquakes
D. To classify different kinds of faults
2. How does the author define the San Andreas Fault?
A. A plate that underlies the North American continent
B. A crack in the Earth’s crush between two plates.
C. Occasional tremors and earthquakes
D. Intense pressure that builds up
3. The word originates in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by
A. gets wider
B. changes direction
4. In which direction does the western side of the fault move?
5. The word it in the paragraph 1 refers to
A. San Francisco
6. The word intermittent in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by which one of the following?
7. Along the San Andreas Fault, tremors are
A. small and insignificant
B. rare, but disastrous
C. frequent events
D. very unpredictable
8. The phrase “the Big One” refers to which of the following?
A. A serious earthquake
B. The San Andreas Fault
C. The river scale
9. Which of the following words best describes the San Andreas Fault?
Problem 52 Count Nouns
Number (plural) Noun (count-plural)
Incorrect : Several of the people in this class speak three or four language.
Correct : Several of the people in this class speak three or four leanguages.
Incorrect : The temperature has risen ten degree in two hours.
Correct : The temperature has risen ten degrees in two hours.
Incorrect : The teacher has ordered two book, but they aren’t in at the bookstore.
Correct : The teacher has ordered two books, but they aren’t in at the bookstore.
Problem 53 : Nouncount Nouns
Noun (noncount) verb (singular)
Friendship is important
Incorrect: Bread are expensive in the grocery store on the corner.
Correct :bread is expensive in the grocery store on the corner.
Incorrect: I like my tea with the milk.
Correct : I like my tea withmilk.
Incorrect: If you open the door, airs will circulate better.
Correct : If you open the door, air will circulate better.
Problem 54 Nouns with Count and Nouncount Meaning
I have a paper due Monday
Let’s use paper to make the present
Incorrect : My neighbor dislikes a noise.
Correct : My neighbor dislikes noises. (all sounds)
Incorrect : We need glass for the juice.
Correct : We needglasses for the juice.
We need a glass for the juice. (containers)
Incorrect : A war is as old as mankind.
Correct :war is as old as mankind. (the act of war)
Problem 55 Count and Nouncount Nouns with Similar Meanings
a noun (count)
The shape of a snowflake is unique
Incorrect : We are late because we got stuck in a traffic.
Correct : We are late because we got stuck in Traffic.
We are late because we got stuck in a traffic jam.
Incorrect : A machinery in the factory needs to be fixed.
Correct :machinery in the factory needs to be fixed.
Machine in the factory needs to be fixed.
Incorrect : We are supposed to have a sunshine this weekend.
Correct : We are supposed to have sunshine this weekend.
Problem 56 Noncount Nouns that Are Count Nouns in Other Languages
Did you do your homework
Incorrect : George had a good luck when he first came to State University.
Correct : George had good luck when he first came to State University.
Incorrect : A news was released about the hostages.
Correct :news was released about the hostages.
Incorrect : Did you get a permission to take the placement test.
Correct : Did you get permission to take the placement test.
Problem 57 Singular and Plural Expression of Noncount Nouns
a singular of noun (noncount)
A folk song a piece of Popular music
number plural of noun (noncount)
I order twelve bars of soap
Incorrect : Each furniture in this display is on sale for half price.
Correct : Each pieces furniture in this display is on sale for half price.
Incorrect : I’d like a steak, a salad, and a corn’s ear with butter.
Correct : I’d like a steak, a salad, and a piece of corn with butter.
Incorrect : The Engineering Department purchased a new equipment to stimulate conditions in outer space.
Correct : The Engineering Department purchased a new piece of equipment to
stimulate condition in outer space.
Problem 58 Classifications–Kind and Type kinds noun (plural count)
types of (noncount)
Cable TV has many different kinds of shows
Dr. Parker gives several types of homework
kind noun (singular count)
one type of (noncount)
One kind of show Is news
One type of homework is a lab report
Incorrect : This exam has two types problems.
Correct : This exam has two types of problems.
Incorrect : Are you looking for a special kinds of car?
Correct : Are you looking for a special kinds of car?
Incorrect : I only know how to run one type a computer program.
Correct : I only know how to run one type of computer program.
Problem 59 Infinitive and –ing Subject
S (infinitive) V
To read a foreign language is even more difficult S (-ing) V
Reading quickly and well requires practice
Incorrect : Shoplift is considered a serious crime.
Correct : shoping lift is considered a serious crime.
To shop lift is considered a serious crime.
Incorrect : The rest in the afternoon is a custom in many countries.
Correct : resting in the afternoon is a custom in many countries.
To rest in the afternoon is a custom in many countries.
Incorrect : To exercising makes most people feel better.
Correct : to exercise makes most people feel better.
Exercising makes most people feel better.
Problem 60 Qualifying Phrases with –ing Nouns
the -ing of noun
The reading of technical material requires knowledge of technical terms
Incorrect : Winning of prizes is not as important as playing well.
Correct : the winning of prizes is not as important as playing well.
Incorrect : Sending of electronic mail (e-mail) is now common.
Correct : the sending of electronic mail ( e-mail) is now common.
Incorrect : Singing of Christmas carols is an old tradition.
Correct : the singing of chistmas carols is an old tradition.
Problem 61 Nominal That Clause
Nominal that clause S V
That vitamin C prevents colds is well known
Incorrect : Is likely that the library is closed.
Correct : that the library is closed is likely.
Incorrect : She will win is almost certain.
Correct : that she will win is almost certain.
Incorrect : That is not fair seems obvious.
Correct : that fair seems obvious.