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tugas bahasa inggris

06 Jan

Problem 81    Cause-and-Result –So

Remember that so is used before an adjective or an adverb followed by that. The so clause expresses cause. The that clause expresses result.

CAUSE                                              RESULT

adverb

S         V so adjective that S V

She   got up     so       late           that   she  missed    her bus

The music was so loud       that we couldn’t talk

Avoid using as or too instead of so in clauses of cause. Avoid using as instead of that in clauses of result.

Examples

Incorrect         : He is so slow as he never gets to class on time.

Correct.         : He is so slow that he never gets to class on time.

Question

Incorrect.       : he is so stupid as he never climbed the class

Correct.         : he is so …………… he never climbed the class

  1. Stupid as
  2. Stupid him
  3. Stupid that
  4. Stupid they

Problem 82 Cause-and-Result–Such

Remember that the such clause expresses cause and the that clause expresses result.

CAUSE          RESULT

S       V      such         a   adjective   count noun (singular)   that   S       V

It     was    such         a    hot                        day                                 that  We went out

OrS     V              such      adjective   a       count noun (singular)    that     S         V

It   was     so              hot             a   day                         that     we     went out

Avoid using so or from instead of such before a. Avoid omitting a from the patterns.

CAUSE          RESULT

count noun (singular)

noun

S           V        such      adjective  (noncount)    that     S           V

These                 are    such        long             assignments    that     I    can’t finish   them

This        is      such        good              news              that     I        will call    them

Avoid using so instead of such

Examples

Incorrect         :It was so interesting book that he couldn’t put it down.

Correct.         :It was such an interesting book that he couldn’t put it down.

or

It was so interesting a book that he couldn’t put it down.

Question

Incorrect.      : this is so good car that he couldn’t treat him

Correct.        : this is ………………. that he couldn’t treat him

  1. So good car
  2. So car good
  3. So good a car
  4. So car a good

Problem 83 Emphasis –Too

Remember that too means excessively. The too clause expresses cause. The infinitive expresses result.

CAUSE          RESULT

too       adjective infinitive

The tea is       too      hot     to drink

Avoid using so or such a instead of too before an adjective when an infinitive follows.

Examples

Incorrect         :The top shelf in the cupboard is so high for me to reach.

Correct          :The top shelf in the cupboard is too high for me to reach.

Question

Incorrect.       : The top shelf in the cupboard is so high for me to reach

Correct.         : The top shelf in the cupboard is too high for me to reach.

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Januari 6, 2012 in PO English for IT

 

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